Study of the impact of Land Characteristics on Surface Temperature in Irbid City, Jordan, Using Remote Sensing and GIS during the period 1986-2018
AbstractThis study aims to identify the impact of Land Characteristics on the land surface temperature of Irbid City using GIS and remote sensing during the period (1986-2018). By identifying LST characteristics for each type of LULC in Irbid during the study period, , after conducting the Supervised Classification of satellite image using ARC GIS 10.5 and the algorithms designed for it, based on the analysis data LANDSAT (5,7,8).. It was reached to found an expansion in urban areas by an increase of 206%, and the pattern of the inversion of urban heat island, which peaked between 9:00 - 10:00 a.m., and that agricultural land and forests increased average surface temperatures during all periods of study to more than 34c. and it was Identified A negative relationship between the Land surface temperature with Normalized Difference Vegetation& Moisture Index NDVI&NDMI R2=0.85,and variables of height, slope (R2=0.90), while a direct relationship was observed between Normalized Difference Built-up Index NDBI and surface temperature LST,(R2=0.80). The study recommended that appropriate policies should be adopted to limit urban expansion on agricultural land as it contributes to increasing the efficiency of the urban thermal island in Irbid city.
How to Cite
Al Nawaiseh, S. (2021). Study of the impact of Land Characteristics on Surface Temperature in Irbid City, Jordan, Using Remote Sensing and GIS during the period 1986-2018. Dirasat: Human and Social Sciences, 48(4). Retrieved from http://archives.ju.edu.jo/index.php/hum/article/view/110822